Special to The New York Times. The opinion by Chief Justice Earl Warren was directed specifically at the antimiscegenation laws of Virginia, which had been challenged by Richard P. Loving, a white man, and his part-Negro, part-Indian wife, Mildred. However, the wording was sufficiently broad and disapproving to leave no doubt that the antimiscegenation laws of 15 other states are also now void.
Centuries before the same-sex marriage movement , the U. It's widely known that the Deep South banned interracial marriages until , but less widely known that many other states did the same California until , for example —or that three brazen attempts were made to ban interracial marriages nationally by amending the U. Maryland passes the first British colonial law banning marriage between whites and slaves—a law that, among other things, orders the enslavement of white women who have married black men:. As you might imagine, the white nationalist colonial governments did not leave these questions unanswered for long. The Commonwealth of Virginia bans all interracial marriages, threatening to exile whites who marry people of color. In the 17th century, exile usually functioned as a death sentence:.
Interracial marriage is a form of marriage outside a specific social group exogamy involving spouses who belong to different socially-defined races or racialized ethnicities. Virginia that race-based restrictions on marriages violated the Equal Protection Clause of the United States Constitution. Many jurisdictions have had regulations banning or restricting not just interracial marriage but also interracial sexual relations, including Germany during the Nazi period , South Africa under apartheid , and many states in the United States prior to a Supreme Court decision. Oftentimes, couples in intercultural marriages face barriers that most married couples of the same culture are not exposed to. Intercultural marriages are often influenced by external factors that can create dissonance and disagreement in relationships.
Interracial marriage means marriage between individuals of different races, e. A particularly odious holdover from slavery and Jim Crow in the United States was the fact that marriage between whites and blacks or Asians or Native Americans in other cases was illegal in many states until such laws were struck down by the Supreme Court in As of , 1 in 7 new marriages in the US are interracial. The first anti- miscegenation law in the United States was related to slavery.