When the Macedonian conqueror Alexander the Great entered Egypt, he was welcomed as the son of the god Amun and he was immediately accepted as the new king of the country. He founded a new city on the shores of the Mediterranean, the first of many cities to bear the name of Alexandria. He also set about restoring all the damage done by the second Persian occupation. Upon his death and the death of his two Macedonian successors Phillipos Arrhidaeos and Alexander IV, his empire was divided between his generals.
An ancient stone carving on the walls of an Egyptian temple depicts the Roman emperor Claudius dressed as an Egyptian pharaoh, wearing an elaborate crown, a team of researchers has discovered. In the carving, Emperor Claudius , who reigned from A. Eight men, each wearing two feathers, are shown climbing the supporting poles, with their legs dangling in midair. It would have taken place even though Claudius never visited Egypt. A cult chapel is a place of worship and a tent could also be used for this purpose. The elaborate crown on Claudius consists of three rushes plants set on ram horns with three falcons sitting on top.
The province was to be governed by a viceroy , a prefect with the status of a Roman knight eques who was directly responsible to the emperor. The first viceroy was the Roman poet and soldier Gaius Cornelius Gallus , who boasted too vaingloriously of his military achievements in the province and paid for it first with his position and then with his life. Internal security was guaranteed by the presence of three Roman legions later reduced to two , each about 6, strong, and several cohorts of auxiliaries. In the first decade of Roman rule the spirit of Augustan imperialism looked farther afield, attempting expansion to the east and to the south.
Egypt, due to its plentiful water resources, was a fertile land and happened to be a situated in a good place to be used as a trade center. Because of this, other civilizations were keen on taking it over and using Egypt for their own purposes, starting with Alexander the Great. Egypt was eventually taken over by the Roman empire. The history of Roman Rule in ancient Egypt is long, having lasted close to years.